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Digital Preservation

Selector: Dr. Joan E. Beaudoin

This month’s topic, digital preservation, is a relatively recent addition to the knowledge landscape. As our lives (i.e., work, entertainment, education, government, socializing, etc.) have increasingly moved to the online setting, there is a need to be aware of where our digital things are stored and how they are being preserved for future use. Digital content, and the devices used to create and store them, are fragile and prone to failure and so we need to be particularly diligent in our preservation efforts. This subject guide brings together books, journals, articles, websites, webinars and tools on the topic of digital preservation. Some of these are geared towards coping with digital content at the organizational level, while others are aimed at helping individuals. Wherever your digital preservation needs fall on this spectrum, the hope is that you will find practical steps that you can take to help ensure that our history and culture do not become lost to the future.

     

    eBooks

    eBooks held by WSU's library system

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    Access in the Future Tense - Council on Library and Information Resources.
    ISBN: 193232609X
    Publication Date: 2004-04-01
    CLIR organized a conference in May 2003 to examine the key factors shaping the information environment in which libraries operate and how these factors will affect stewardship of the cultural and intellectual resources vital to education and research. Scholars, library directors, university administrators, publishers, collectors, and representatives from the legal and preservation communities came together to explore the challenges posed by the shifting information landscape and to propose directions that can be taken by all in research and education who have an interest in the well-being of research and cultural heritage collections. To frame the discussion, CLIR asked four experts to address key features of the changing landscape. Their papers are presented here, prefaced by a brief overview of the information landscape and followed by a concluding essay on the implications of their findings. By publishing this report, CLIR hopes to broaden understanding of how creators, publishers, distributors, and information seekers can work more actively with libraries and archives to ensure the usability and accessibility of recorded information into the future.

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    Advanced Digital Preservation - David Giaretta
    ISBN: 3642168094
    Publication Date: 2011-01-01
    There is growing recognition of the need to address the fragility of digital information, on which our society heavily depends for smooth operation in all aspects of daily life. This has been discussed in many books and articles on digital preservation, so why is there a need for yet one more? Because, for the most part, those other publications focus on documents, images and webpages “ objects that are normally rendered to be simply displayed by software to a human viewer. Yet there are clearly many more types of digital objects that may need to be preserved, such as databases, scientific data and software itself.David Giaretta, Director of the Alliance for Permanent Access, and his contributors explain why the tools and techniques used for preserving rendered objects are inadequate for all these other types of digital objects, and they provide the concepts, techniques and tools that are needed. The book is structured in three parts. The first part is on theory, i.e., the concepts and techniques that are essential for preserving digitally encoded information. The second part then shows practice, i.e., the use and validation of these tools and techniques. Finally, the third part concludes by addressing how to judge whether money is being well spent, in terms of effectiveness and cost sharing.Various examples of digital objects from many sources are used to explain the tools and techniques presented. The presentation style mainly aims at practitioners in libraries, archives and industry who are either directly responsible for preservation or who need to prepare for audits of their archives. Researchers in digital preservation and developers of preservation tools and techniques will also find valuable practical information here. Researchers creating digitally encoded information of all kinds will also need to be aware of these topics so that they can help to ensure that their data is usable and can be valued by others now and in the future.To further assist the reader, the book is supported by many hours of videos and presentations from the CASPAR project and by a set of open source software.

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    Building and Sustaining Digital Collections - Council on Library and Information Resources Staff (Contribution by)
    ISBN: 1887334858
    Publication Date: 2001-08-01
    In February 2001, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) and the National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage (NINCH) convened a meeting to discuss how museums and libraries are building digital collections and what business models are available to sustain them. A group of museum and library senior executives met with business and legal experts, technologists, and funders to discuss the challenges that cultural institutions face when putting collections online and to identify models for sustainability that support the core missions without contravening the internal cultures of nonprofit entities. Using examples of six enterprises—JSTOR, HighWire Press, The International Center for Photography and George Eastman House, Questia Media, Inc., Art Museum Network, and Fathom—the report illustrates the differing approaches being used to extend the reach of collections and services online.

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    E-Journal Archiving Metes and Bounds - Anne R. Kenney; Ellie L. Buckley; Richard Entlich; Peter B. Hirtle; Nancy Y. McGovern
    ISBN: 193232626X
    Publication Date: 2006-09-01
    Subjects include:

    Electronic journals -- Conservation and restoration.
    Electronic journals -- Publishing.
    Scholarly periodicals -- Conservation and restoration.
    Scholarly periodicals -- Publishing.
    Scholarly electronic publishing.
    Libraries -- Special collections -- Electronic journals.
    Digital preservation.
    Libraries and electronic publishing -- United States.
    Libraries and electronic publishing -- Canada.

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    Digital Preservation in Libraries : Part 1.
    ISBN: 0861769597
    Publication Date: 2004,
    Digital preservation.
    Library materials -- Digitization.

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    Digital Preservation in Libraries : Part 2.
    Publication Date: 2004.
    Digital preservation.
    Library materials -- Digitization.

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    ECulture - Alfredo M. Ronchi
    ISBN: 3540752730
    Publication Date: 2009-03-24
    Do virtual museums really provide added value to end-users, or do they just contribute to the abundance of images? Does the World Wide Web save endangered cultural heritage, or does it foster a society with less variety? These and other related questions are raised and answered in this book, the result of a long path across the digital heritage landscape. It provides a comprehensive view on issues and achievements in digital collections and cultural content.

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    From Grain to Pixel - Giovanna Fossati
    ISBN: 9089641394
    Publication Date: 2010-02-15
    Film is in a state of rapid change: the transition from analog to digital is profoundly affecting not just filmmaking and film distribution but a number of other facets of the industry, including the ways in which films are archived. In From Grain to Pixel—the first volume in the new Framing Film series from Amsterdam University Press—Giovanna Fossati brings together scholars and archivists to discuss their theories on digitization and to propose new possibilities for future archives. nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;

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    Information management : the challenges of managing electronic records : testimony before the Subcommittee on Information Policy, Census, and National Archives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives - Valerie C. Melvin.
    ISBN: 0546D01
    Publication Date: 2010
    Subject headings include:
    Digital preservation.
    Electronic public records -- United States -- Management.
    Electronic government information -- United States -- Management.
    Information technology -- Government policy -- United States.

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    Networking for Digital Preservation - Ingeborg. Verheul
    ISBN: 3598218478
    Publication Date: 2006-01-01
    Libraries all over the world have to deal with fast growing numbers of digital materials that need to be safeguarded. Publications in digital form, online or on CD, digitised images, and born-digital objects need to be preserved and kept accessible. Safeguarding digital heritage is a major issue, especially for national libraries, because of their legal task of preserving the national heritage of a country. This volume describes the state of the art of digital repositories, preservation strategies and current projects in the national libraries of Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK and the USA.

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    Preserving Digital Materials - Ross Harvey
    ISBN: 3598116861
    Publication Date: 2012
    This book provides a single-volume introduction to the principles, strategies and practices currently applied by librarians and record keepers to the preservation of digital information. Also included are case studies of practice from the library, record keeping, audiovisual archiving, data archiving and geospatial communities.

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    Preservation in the Age of Large-Scale Digitization - Oya Y. Rieger
    ISBN: 1932326294
    Publication Date: 2008-02-01
    Introduction : large-scale digitization initiatives in the limelight -- Overview of leading large-scale digitization initiatives -- Framework for assessing preservation aspects of large-scale digitization initiatives -- Implications of LSDIs for book collections -- Recommendations -- Conclusion : why join forces?.
    Subject
    Library materials -- Digitization.
    Library materials -- Conservation and restoration.
    Digital preservation.

    Websites & Repositories


    • Annotated Bibliographies on Digital Preservation Topics
      This wiki contains annotated bibliographies created by students in the fall 2013 semester of LIS7920 Digital Curation and Preservation course at Wayne State University's School of Library and Information Science.
    • Digital Commons @ WSU
      The repository is a service of the Wayne State University libraries. Research and scholarly output included here has been selected and deposited by the individual university departments and centers on campus.
    • Digital Preservation @ The Library of Congress
      This web site brings together several groups and resources which focus on issues of digital preservation.
    • September 11 digital archive : saving the histories of September 11, 2001
      Uses electronic media to collect, preserve, and present the history of the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania and the public responses to them. Contributes to the on-going effort by historians and archivists to record and preserve the record of 9/11 by: collecting first-hand accounts of the 9/11 attacks and the aftermath (especially voices currently under-represented on the web), collecting and archiving emails and digital images growing out of these events, organizing and annotating the most important web-based resources on the subject, and developing materials to contextualize and teach about the events. Also uses these events as a way of assessing how history is being recorded and preserved in the twenty-first century and as an opportunity to develop free software tools to help historians to do a better job of collecting, preserving, and writing history in the new century. Goal is to create a permanent record of the events of September 11, 2001.
    • Wayback Machine of the Internet Archive
      Preserves and provides access to billions of web sites as viewed across time.
     

    Journals

    D-Lib Magazine - Laurence Lannom
    D-Lib Magazine is an electronic publication with a focus on digital library research and development, including new technologies, applications, and contextual social and economic issues. D-Lib Magazine appeals to a broad technical and professional audience. The primary goal of the magazine is timely and efficient information exchange for the digital library community to help digital libraries be a broad interdisciplinary field, and not a set of specialties that know little of each other.

    Journal of Digital Information
    Publishing papers on the management, presentation and uses of information in digital environments, JoDI is a peer-reviewed Web journal supported by the University of Texas Libraries.

    Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology
    The Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology (JASIST) is a leading international forum for peer-reviewed research in information science. For more than half a century, JASIST has provided intellectual leadership by publishing original research that focuses on the production, discovery, recording, storage, representation, retrieval, presentation, manipulation, dissemination, use, and evaluation of information and on the tools and techniques associated with these processes.

    The International Journal of Digital Curation - Bridget Robinson
    The IJDC is entirely devoted to papers, articles and news items on curation of digital objects and related issues. The journal is published in electronic form, two times a year.

    Journal Articles & Brief Publications

     

    Picture of the Display

     

    Print Books

    Books held by WSU's library system

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    Database Archiving - Jack E. Olson
    Call Number: QA 76.9 .D32 O47 2009
    ISBN: 0123747201
    Publication Date: 2008-11-11
    With the amount of data a business accumulates now doubling every 12 to 18 months, IT professionals need to know how to develop a system for archiving important database data, in a way that both satisfies regulatory requirements and is durable and secure. This important and timely new book explains how to solve these challenges without compromising the operation of current systems. It shows how to do all this as part of a standardized archival process that requires modest contributions from team members throughout an organization, rather than the superhuman effort of a dedicated team. * Exhaustively considers the diverse set of issues-legal, technological, and financial-affecting organizations faced with major database archiving requirements. * Shows how to design and implement a database archival process that is integral to existing procedures and systems. * Explores the role of players at every level of the organization-in terms of the skills they need and the contributions they can make. * Presents its ideas from a vendor-neutral perspective that can benefit any organization, regardless of its current technological investments. * Provides detailed information on building the business case for all types of archiving projects

    Cover Art
    Digital Curation - D. R. Harvey
    Call Number: ZA 4080 .H37 2010
    ISBN: 1555706940
    Publication Date: 2010-07-01
    International authority Ross Harvey's new How-To-Do-It Manual is the first one-stop resource in digital curation, and guides readers to understand and make the best use of the wide-ranging combinations of strategies, technological approaches, and activities that apply to this rapidly-emerging field. Any information professional who appraises, selects, organizes, or maintains digital resources acts as a digital curator. Whether you are a librarian, archivist, or records manager, you will find useful concepts here for professional setting. Harvey offers an in-depth, start-to-finish explanation of the digital curation process, and clarifies each step in the Digital Curation Centre's (DCC) lifecycle model, including: Create or Receive Appraise & Select Ingest Preservation Action Store Access, Use, and Reuse Transform
    You will learn best practices for improving data access, quality, and protection, and find time-saving tools such as an extensive directory of online resources, tutorials and further references in the area. Book buyers receive exclusive access to a password-protected companion website that offers electronic, customizable versions of planning forms, checklists, and more. This book's essential techniques and expert advice are crucial to ensuring that today's digital resources will be available to and usable by future generations.

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    Digital Preservation and Metadata - Susan S. Lazinger
    Call Number: Z 701.3 .C65 L39 2001
    ISBN: 1563087774
    Publication Date: 2001-11-15
    This book addresses critical issues of preservation, giving you everything you need to effectively protect your resources--from problems of obsolescence, to responsibilities, methods of preservation, cost, and metadata formats.

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    Digital preservation. SPEC Kit 325. - Gail McMillan
    Call Number: Z 678 .A76 no.325 2011
    ISBN: 1594078696
    Publication Date: 2011
    Subject headings include:
    Digital preservation.
    Digital libraries.
    Academic libraries -- United States.
    Academic libraries -- British Columbia.

    Cover Art
    E-Journal Archiving Metes and Bounds - Anne R. Kenney; Ellie L. Buckley; Richard Entlich; Peter B. Hirtle; Nancy Y. McGovern
    Call Number: Z 701.3 .E44 K46 2006
    ISBN: 193232626X
    Publication Date: 2006-09-01
    Subject headings covered include:
    Electronic journals -- Conservation and restoration.
    Electronic journals -- Publishing.
    Scholarly periodicals -- Conservation and restoration.
    Scholarly periodicals -- Publishing.
    Scholarly electronic publishing.
    Libraries -- Special collections -- Electronic journals.
    Digital preservation.
    Libraries and electronic publishing -- United States.
    Libraries and electronic publishing -- Canada.

    Cover Art
    ECulture - Alfredo M. Ronchi
    Call Number: CC 135 .R66 2009
    ISBN: 3540752730
    Publication Date: 2009-03-24
    Do virtual museums really provide added value to end-users, or do they just contribute to the abundance of images? Does the World Wide Web save endangered cultural heritage, or does it foster a society with less variety? These and other related questions are raised and answered in this book, the result of a long path across the digital heritage landscape. It provides a comprehensive view on issues and achievements in digital collections and cultural content.

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    Long-Term Preservation of Digital Documents - Uwe M. Borghoff; Peter Rödig; Jan Scheffczyk; Lothar Schmitz
    Call Number: Z 681.3 .D53 L66 2006
    ISBN: 3540336397
    Publication Date: 2006-07-07
    Key to our culture is that we can disseminate information, and then maintain and access it over time. While we are rapidly advancing from vulnerable physical solutions to superior, digital media, preserving and using data over the long term involves complicated research challenges and organization efforts.Uwe Borghoff and his coauthors address the problem of storing, reading, and using digital data for periods longer than 50 years. They briefly describe several markup and document description languages like TIFF, PDF, HTML, and XML, explain the most important techniques such as migration and emulation, and present the OAIS (Open Archival Information System) Reference Model. To complement this background information on the technology issues the authors present the most relevant international preservation projects, such as the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, and experiences from sample projects run by the Cornell University Library and the National Library of the Netherlands. A rated survey list of available systems and tools completes the book.With this broad overview, the authors address librarians who preserve our digital heritage, computer scientists who develop technologies that access data, and information managers engaged with the social and methodological requirements of long-term information access.

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    More Technology for the Rest of Us - Nancy D. Courtney (Editor)
    Call Number: Z 678.9 .M66 2010
    ISBN: 1591589398
    Publication Date: 2010-01-01
    From cloud computing to data curation to open-source software, the world of technology offers great opportunity--and potential frustration. Nancy Courtney and her team of IT experts have set out to enhance the former and alleviate the latter. "More Technology for the Rest of Us: A Second Primer on Computing for the Non-IT Librarian" follows up on Courtney's 2005 technology volume by tackling the most recent advances in IT. Each chapter describes a technology important to the library field, explains how it works in terms a non-IT professional can understand, and describes its uses. The essays in "More Technology for the Rest of Us" are not meant to make readers experts, but to provide a basic introduction to some of the current technologies impacting libraries and their patrons. Articles are brief and clearly written, and computer jargon is defined and explained. Each chapter lists references for further information, and there is a selected bibliography and glossary at the end of the book.

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    Organize Your Digital Life - Aimee Baldridge
    Call Number: Z 681.3 .B34 2009
    ISBN: 1426203349
    Publication Date: 2009-01-06
    Now that digital cameras and music players have become so incredibly widespread, a forest of sound and imagery is blossoming in our homes. We’ve got digital pictures in the camera, scans on the computer, JPEGS attached to e-mails, and tunes on tiny players. But there’s also the old-fashioned stuff: photos in shoeboxes, videos in the attic, documents in desk drawers, songs on tape and vinyl. How do you transform all of these different elements into a convenient archive you can store in your computer, easily reach, and actually enjoy? This book delivers basic step-by-step instruction on streamlining and organizing your "digital life" so you can find what you need instantly and create presentations your friends and family will love. In addition, you’ll be amazed at the decrease in household clutter and paper waste. For everyone --from teenagers who thrive on the technical to families with overflowing photo albums and seniors who’d love to collate decades’ worth of letters and pictures --this reader-friendly source has all the answers. These easy-to-follow solutions can truly enhance and simplify the hectic, over-saturated lives so many of us find ourselves leading today.

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    Practical digital preservation: a how-to guide for organizations of any size - Adrian Brown
    Call Number: Z 701.3 .C65 B768 2013
    ISBN: 1555709427
    Publication Date: 2013
    Summary: "This very practical guide, offering a comprehensive overview of best practice, is aimed at the non-specialist, assuming only a basic understanding of IT and offering guidance as to how to implement strategies with minimal time and resources. Digital preservation has become a critical issue for institutions of all sizes but until recently has mostly been the preserve of national archives and libraries with the resources, time and specialist knowledge available to experiment. As the discipline matures and practical tools and information are increasingly available the barriers to entry are falling for smaller organizations which can realistically start to take active steps towards a preservation strategy. However, the sheer volume of technical information now available on the subject is becoming a significant obstacle and a straightforward guide is required to offer clear and practical solutions. Each chapter covers the essential building blocks of digital preservation strategy and implementation, leading the reader through the process. International case studies from organizations such as the Wellcome Library, Central Connecticut State University Library in the USA and Gloucestershire Archives in the UK illustrate how real organizations have approached the challenges of digital preservation."--Publisher description.

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    Preserving Digital Information - Henry M. Gladney
    Call Number: Z 681.3 .D53 G57 2007
    ISBN: 3540378863
    Publication Date: 2007-02-05
    Cultural history enthusiasts have asserted the urgent need to protect digital information from imminent loss. This book describes methodology for long-term preservation of all kinds of digital documents. It justifies this methodology using 20th century theory of knowledge communication, and outlines the requirements and architecture for the software needed. The author emphasizes attention to the perspectives and the needs of end users.

     

    Featured Videos

    What is it? - Digital Preservation: Past, Present and Future

    Why is it important? - Data Sharing & Management Snafu in 3 Short Acts

     

    Webinars

    Archiving and preserving the Web - Dan Avery and Kristine Hanna
    Publication Date: 2006
    Libraries and archives have long collected information to serve scholars in understanding history, culture, and society. Today, Web pages have replaced newsletters; blogs have supplanted diaries; and many government forms and documents are more readily accessible on the Web than in paper form. As part of an effort to appropriately document and capture today's information for tomorrow's use, institutions must adopt a Web archiving strategy. Fortunately, Archive-It takes much of the burden out of the task. Archive-It is a Web application uniquely designed for the needs of university and government institutions interested in preserving Web content. The application allows organizations with limited infrastructure and technical staff to collect, catalog, search, and manage archived Web content through a Web interface. Built on open source components by the Internet Archive and the International Internet Preservation Consortium, Archive-It creates and stores the ARC files that are the standard format for Web archiving. In this presentation, two representatives from the Internet Archive discuss the Archive-It project.

    Challenges of film, video, and new media preservation - Howard Besser
    Publication Date: 2007
    Increasingly, moving images are part of students' daily lives. Students record scenes they witness on their pocket digital movie cameras, download clips from free movie sites, and create remixes and mashups. Students recognize something that many libraries don't -- that moving images are one of the richest ways of capturing events and that they tell us an immense amount about the history of their time, as well as current culture and styles. Many academic libraries have collections of film and video that have been a low priority to organize, catalog, and preserve. One reason for the backlog is that this type of material requires different ways of thinking about handling, preservation, and browsing. In this talk, Howard Besser will discuss why moving image material is important and why it must be treated differently than paper or still photography. He will then discuss why traditional conservation approaches will not be effective for video or new media works and suggest that we adopt new conservation paradigms for dealing with them. Besser will also point to more recent projects and studies that will likely help academic libraries better deal with the older material in their collections and collect the rich set of material being created today.

    DataSpace [electronic resource] : a funding and operational model for long-term preservation and sharing of research data - Serge J. Goldstein
    Publication Date: 2010
    At the May 5 meeting of the National Research Board, the NSF announced that, as of October 2010, it will require that all grant proposals include a data management plan. This announcement represents the next step in what has been a growing trend on the part of government agencies to require researchers to plan for the preservation and sharing of the data produced by publicly funded research. How can universities help their researchers meet these emerging requirements? Princeton has developed a business and organizational model, named DataSpace, which is designed to meet these requirements in a cost- and staff-sustainable way.

    The Google book scanning project [electronic resource] : issues and updates - Jonathan Band and Daniel J. Clancy
    Publication Date: 2009
    For about five years, Google has been scanning and indexing millions of volumes drawn from academic libraries and other sources worldwide. The project has been greeted with high praise but also with lawsuits. In the latter category, a judge will shortly decide whether to approve a settlement reached last year by Google and several organizations representing authors and publishers. The issues swirling around the settlement include the treatment of absent rightsholders, user privacy, and competition. This session will offer a status report on the project and explore both sides of these questions.

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