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How To Cite References Using APA Style

Examples of APA Citation Style for use in Reference Lists.

APA 7th edition Examples - Annual Reports

Annual Report from Company Website:

Company Name. (Date of Publication). Title of report. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxx

McDonald's Corporation. (2019). 2019 annual report. Retrieved from hhttps://corporate.mcdonalds.com/content/dam/gwscorp/nfl/investor-relations-content/annual-reports/2019%20Annual%20Report.pdf

In-Text Citation: (McDonald's Corporation, 2019)

Note: No period after URL. No hyphen when continuing URL to next line; break at punctuation only.


Annual Report from SEC EDGAR Website:

Company Name. (Date of Publication). Title of report. Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://www.xxxxxxxx

McDonald's Corporation. (2019). Form 10-K annual report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. Retrieved from SEC EDGAR website: https://www.sec.gov/ix?doc=/Archives/edgar/data/63908/000006390820000022/mcd-12312019x10k.htm

In-Text Citation: (McDonald's Corporation, 2019).

Note: Identify the publisher as part of the retrieval statement if the publisher is not the author: Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://www.xxxxxxxx

APA 7th edition Examples - DemographicsNow!

Author. (Date of Publication). Title of document [Table]. Retrieved Date from Demographics Now database http://www.xxxxxxxx

Gale Cengage Learning. (2019). Consumer Expenditure Food, Beverage, Grocery Detail Summary: , Detroit, MI [Table]. Retrieved August 25, 2020 from Demographics Now database https://dnow.gale.com/dnow/

In-Text Citation: (Gale Cengage Learning, 2019).

Note: Use retrieval date, since demographic information in this database can change over time.

APA 7th edition Examples - IBISWorld

Author. (Date of Publication). Title of document (Report number) [Report type]. Retrieved Date from IBISWorld database http://www.xxxxxxxx

Hyland, R. (2020 April). Fast Food Restaurants in the US (72221a) [U.S. industry (NAICS) report]. IBISWorld. https://proxy.lib.wayne.edu/login?url=http://www.ibisworld.com

Fernandez, C. (2019, December). Burger Restaurants (OD4306) [U.S. specialized industry report]. IBISWorld. https://proxy.lib.wayne.edu/login?url=http://www.ibisworld.com

In-Text Citation: (Hyland, 2020)

Note: Include a report number, if given, in parentheses after the title. Because the reports are updated over time, include a retrieval date.

APA 7th edition Examples - Mergent

Note: Permalinks (durable URLs) are not provided for company profiles in Mergent Online. Use the permalink for the overall database instead: http://www.mergentonline.com/


Mergent Online Company Profile:

Author. (Date of Publication). Title of document [Company profile]. Retrieved from Title database http://www.xxxxxxxx

Mergent, Inc. (n.d.). McDonald's Corp [Company profile]. Retrieved July 27, 2020 from Mergent Online database http://www.mergentonline.com/

In-Text Citation: (Mergent, Inc., n.d.).

Note: Company profiles are not dated in Mergent Online, so use n.d. (no date) for publication date and add the retrieval date to the "Retrieved from" section. Also use n.d. for the in-text citation.


10-K/Annual Report from Mergent Online Company Profile:

Company Name. (Date of Publication). Title of report. Retrieved from Title database: http://http://www.xxxxxxxx

McDonald's Corporation. (2019, February 22). Form 10-K annual report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. Retrieved from Mergent Online database http://www.mergentonline.com/

In-Text Citation: (McDonald's Corporation, 2019).

Note: The official date for an SEC filing can usually be found at the end of the document


Financial Statements from Mergent Online Company Profile:

Author. (Date of Publication). Title of report. Retrieved from Title database: http://http://www.xxxxxxxx

Mergent, Inc. (2019, December 31). McDonald's Corporation. as reported annual balance sheet. Retrieved from Mergent Online database http://www.mergentonline.com/

In-Text Citation: (Mergent, Inc., 2019).

APA 7th edition Examples - Nexis Uni

Note: Permalinks (durable URLs) are not provided for company profiles in Nexis Uni. Use the permalink for the overall database instead: http://www.nexisuni.com/

Nexis Uni Company Profile:

Author. (Date of Publication). Title of document [Company profile]. Retrieved from Title database http://www.xxxxxxxx

LexisNexis. (n.d.). McDonald's. [Company profile]. Retrieved July 8, 2020 from Nexis Uni database http://www.nexisuni.com/

In-Text Citation: (Nexis Uni, n.d.).

Note: Company profiles are not dated in Nexis Uni, so use n.d. (no date) for publication date and add the retrieval date to the "Retrieved from" section. Also use n.d. for the in-text citation.

 

APA 7th edition Examples - Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS)

Author. (Date). Title of dataset [Description of variables used] [Data set]. Database name. Retrieval Date from Website URL

Compustat

Standard & Poor's (n.d.).  Compustat daily updates -- fundamentals annual [McDonald's Corporation: Income statement items - January 2010 to December 2019]. [Data set] CapitalIQ. Retrieved June 25, 2020, from Wharton Research Data Services https://wrds-web.wharton.upenn.edu/ 

CRSP

Center for Research in Security Prices. (n.d.). CRSP daily stock [McDonald's Corporation stock prices from 2010 to 2019] [Data set]. Retrieved June 27, 2020, from from Wharton Research Data Services https://wrds-web.wharton.upenn.edu/ 

Note: The Author is the data collector, the person or entity that compiled the data.  The Title is the dataset used but, because that doesn't specify the exact data used, create a description after the title in [square brackets], of what criteria was applied to get the variables used. . 

Based on:

Schemm, N., Dellenbach, M., Grisham, Z., Hageman, M., Tingle, N., Trowbridge, M., & Wheatley, A. (2020). APA 7th ed. citation for business sources. https://bit.ly/APA7business