Celebrations feature skeletons (calacas) and, especially, skulls, or calaveras. Skulls made of sugar, papier-mâché, wood, and clay are used to decorate homes and public space. The skulls represent both death and rebirth. Sugar skulls, for example, have the names of the dead painted on the forehead, and are eaten by relatives or friends of the dead. Celebrants sometimes paint their faces to look like skulls, or wear masks that, once again, represent the dead symbolically.
DeMello, M. (2021). El Día de los Muertos. The American Mosaic: The Latino American Experience.