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How To Cite References Using MLA Style

Examples of MLA Citation Style for use in Works Cited Lists.

MLA Examples - Miscellaneous & Unpublished

Brochure, pamphlet, or press release

Women's Health: Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2006.

Published doctoral dissertation or master's thesis

Bishop, Karen Lynn. Documenting Institutional Identity: Strategic Writing in the IUPUI Comprehensive Campaign. Dissertation, Purdue University, 2002. UMI, 2004.

Published conference proceedings

Stein, Bob. “Reading and Writing in the Digital Era.” Discovering Digital Dimensions, Computers and Writing Conference, 23 May 2003, Union Club Hotel, West Lafayette, IN. Keynote Address.

Government publication

United States, Congress, Senate, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Hearing on the Geopolitics of Oil. Government Printing Office, 2007. 110th Congress, 1st session, Senate Report 111-8.

Translation (book)

Foucault, Michel. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Translated by Richard Howard, Vintage-Random House, 1988.

Graphic Novel

Clowes, Daniel. David Boring. Eightball, no. 19, Fantagraphics, 1998.

Trudeau, Garry. “Doonesbury.” New York Times, 8 May 2008, p. 12.
Map or chart

Michigan. Rand, 2000.

Lecture, speech, address, or reading

Obama, Barack H. “Inaugural Address.” 20 Jan. 2009, Washington, Capital Building, 2009 Presidential Inaugural.


Mitchell, Arthur et al. “South African Suite.” 1 June 2002, Chicago, Cadillac Place Theatre.

Television broadcast

"The Blessing Way." The X-Files. Fox, WXIA, Atlanta, 19 Jul. 1998.

Movie (if currently in theaters, use Film as medium of publication)

The Usual Suspects. Directed by Bryan Singer, performances by Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benecio del Toro, Polygram, 1995.

Video found online

“Lunch Hour NYC: Hot Dog Carts.” New York Public Library, 5 July 2012,

Work of visual art

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800, oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.

Painting viewed online

Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Museo Macional del Prado, Accessed 22 May 2006.

Digital Image

Gilpin, Laura. “Terraced Houses, Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico.” Library of Congress, Reproduction no. LC-USZ62-102170, 1939,

Interview (published or broadcast)

Gaitskill, Mary. Interview with Charles Bock. Mississippi Review, vol. 27, no. 3, 1999, pp. 129-50.

Radio broadcast

"Death and Society." Weekend Edition Sunday. National Public Radio. WUWM, Milwaukee, 25 Jan. 1998. 

Sound Recording

Beyoncé. “Pretty Hurts.” Beyoncé, Parkwood Entertainment, 2013,

(Note: Which person is cited first (e.g., the composer, conductor, ensemble, or performer) depends on the desired emphasis of the citation.)

Sound Recording online with no manufacturer or date

Park, Obadiah. "Hey Ya." N.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2007.

MLA Style Guides