WSU Libraries have actively encouraged the spread of open access through several initiatives:
Open Access benefits researchers, institutions, nations and society as a whole.
(adapted from Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook)
The most commonly cited benefit to making work open access is the ability to increase the citation impact of your work. A number of studies have now been carried out on the effect of Open Access on citations to articles, showing the increased citation impact that Open Access can bring. Steve Lawrence's was the earliest study, finding in 2001 that free online access tripled citations of computer science papers. Michael Kurtz's early study on the astronomy literature demonstrated that Open Access can double the readership of articles. A study published in the same year by Brody & Harnad showed an increase in citations to articles in several disciplines as a result of their being Open Access. And Kristin Antelman's work corroborated these findings in the fields of philosophy, political science, electrical & electronic engineering and mathematics. More recently, Michael Norris has published his doctoral thesis that reports similar impact advantage in the form of increased citations for articles in four other disciplines - economics, applied mathematics, sociology and ecology. There is a summary of all the impact studies to date here.
In the past five-years, open access has experienced a dramatic growth in support, demonstrated through the production of open-access journals, repositories, and mandates. Below are some numbers that indicate growing support of the open access movement:
Statistics from: Morrison, H. (2010). Dramatic growth of open access: June 30, 2010 edition. Imaginary journal of poetic economics. Data available at: http://bit.ly/92nPfs
Open Access is free, unrestricted online access to scholarly peer-reviewed publications. In general, a work can be made open access via two methods: