Women in STEM: A Research Guide

This guide provides sources and research strategies for critical analysis of women in STEM fields. 


O’Connell, C., & McKinnon, M. (2021). Perceptions of barriers to career progression for academic women in STEM. Societies, 11(2), 27.

 Klinman, J., Williams, L. N., Cummings, M., & Chang, A. (2021). Breaking barriers: Women in STEM. American Scientist, 109(3), 190.

 Saffie-Robertson, M. C. (2020). It’s not you, it’s me: An exploration of mentoring experiences for women in STEM. Sex Roles, 83(9/10), 566–579.

 Halili, M. A., & Martin, J. L. (2020). How to make the invisible women of STEM visible. Australian Journal of Chemistry, 73(2/3), 75–77.

  Sanchez, M. E., Hypolitc, L. I., Newman, C. B., & Cole, D. G. (2019). Black women in STEM: The need for intersectional supports in professional conference spaces. Journal of Negro Education, 88(3), 297–310.

 Cidlinská, K. (2019). How not to scare off women: Different needs of female early-stage researchers in STEM and SSH fields and the implications for support measures. Higher Education, 78(2), 365–388. 

Cadaret, M. C., Hartung, P. J., Subich, L. M., & Weigold, I. K. (2017). Stereotype threat as a barrier to women entering engineering careers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 99, 40-51.

Grossman, J. M., & Porche, M. V. (2014). Perceived gender and racial/ethnic barriers to STEM success. Urban Education, 49(6), 698-727.

Saucerman, J., & Vasquez, K. (2014). Psychological barriers to STEM participation for women over the course of development. Adultspan Journal, 13(1), 46–64.

Williams, W. M., & Ceci, S. J. (2012). When scientists choose motherhood. American Scientist, 100(2), 138-145 .

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▶ This symbol indicates a source with a focus on BIPOC women in STEM.


Carr, P. L., Helitzer, D., Freund, K., Westring, A., McGee, R., Campbell, P. B., ... & Villablanca, A. (2019). A summary report from the research partnership on women in science careersJournal of General Internal Medicine34(3), 356-362.

Funk, C., & Parker, K. (2018, Jan. 9). Women and men in STEM often at odds over workplace equity. Pew Research Center.