Women in STEM: A Research Guide

This guide provides sources and research strategies for critical analysis of women in STEM fields. 


 Merayo, N., & Ayuso, A. (2023). Analysis of barriers, supports and gender gap in the choice of STEM studies in secondary education. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 33(4), 1471-1498. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-022-09776-9

 Sebastián-Tirado, A., Félix-Esbrí, S., Forn, C., & Sanchis-Segura, C. (2023). Are gender-science stereotypes barriers for women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics? exploring when, how, and to whom in an experimentally-controlled setting. Frontiers in Psychology, 14, 1219012-1219012. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1219012

 Prieto-Rodriguez, E., Sincock, K., Berretta, R., Todd, J., Johnson, S., Blackmore, K., Wanless, E., Giacomini, A., & Gibson, L. (2022). A study of factors affecting women’s lived experiences in STEM. Humanities & Social Sciences Communications, 9(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-022-01136-1

O’Connell, C., & McKinnon, M. (2021). Perceptions of barriers to career progression for academic women in STEM. Societies, 11(2), 27.

 Klinman, J., Williams, L. N., Cummings, M., & Chang, A. (2021). Breaking barriers: Women in STEM. American Scientist, 109(3), 190.

 Saffie-Robertson, M. C. (2020). It’s not you, it’s me: An exploration of mentoring experiences for women in STEM. Sex Roles, 83(9/10), 566–579.

 Halili, M. A., & Martin, J. L. (2020). How to make the invisible women of STEM visible. Australian Journal of Chemistry, 73(2/3), 75–77.

  Sanchez, M. E., Hypolitc, L. I., Newman, C. B., & Cole, D. G. (2019). Black women in STEM: The need for intersectional supports in professional conference spaces. Journal of Negro Education, 88(3), 297–310.

 Cidlinská, K. (2019). How not to scare off women: Different needs of female early-stage researchers in STEM and SSH fields and the implications for support measures. Higher Education, 78(2), 365–388. 

Cadaret, M. C., Hartung, P. J., Subich, L. M., & Weigold, I. K. (2017). Stereotype threat as a barrier to women entering engineering careers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 99, 40-51.

Grossman, J. M., & Porche, M. V. (2014). Perceived gender and racial/ethnic barriers to STEM success. Urban Education, 49(6), 698-727.

Saucerman, J., & Vasquez, K. (2014). Psychological barriers to STEM participation for women over the course of development. Adultspan Journal, 13(1), 46–64.

Williams, W. M., & Ceci, S. J. (2012). When scientists choose motherhood. American Scientist, 100(2), 138-145 .

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▶ This symbol indicates a source with a focus on BIPOC women in STEM.


Carr, P. L., Helitzer, D., Freund, K., Westring, A., McGee, R., Campbell, P. B., ... & Villablanca, A. (2019). A summary report from the research partnership on women in science careersJournal of General Internal Medicine34(3), 356-362.

Funk, C., & Parker, K. (2018, Jan. 9). Women and men in STEM often at odds over workplace equity. Pew Research Center.