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How To Cite References Using APA Style

Examples of APA Citation Style for use in Reference Lists.

APA 6th Edition Examples - Miscellaneous & Unpublished

  • Annual report

Home Depot. (2001). Home Depot 2000 annual report. Atlanta, GA: Author.

  • Online annual report

Proctor & Gample Company. (2010). P & G 2010 annual report. Retrieved from http://www.pg.com/annualreport2010/index.shtml

  • Interview or personal communication

Do not include in reference list;cite in text only.

Example: P. Drucker (personal communication, September 20, 2001) believes that there are several different types of managers.

  • Doctoral dissertation or master's thesis retrieved from the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Database

McNiel, D. S. (2006). Meaning through narrative: A personal narrative discussing growing up with an alcoholic mother (Master’s thesis). Available from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 1434728)

IMPORTANT:  The Publication Number is located in the field titled Publication Number in the Indexing Document Details area of the record in the ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Database. The number is prefaced with AAT, which should not be included in the Publication Number. The Publication Number is equivalent to the UMI number that appears in the example for the APA citation for the dissertation or theses on page 208, APA Publication Manual, 6th Edition.

  • ERIC document

Greenberg, J. & Walsh, K. (2010). Ed school essentials: A review of Illinois teacher preparation. Washington, DC: National Council on Teacher Quality. (ED512668)

  • Lecture notes

According to formal APA guidelines, course lecture notes taken by the student are considered a form of personal communications (unpublished, ‘non-recoverable data’). As such, they would only be listed in an in-text citation and not in the reference list.

In Text: In a lecture on January 15, 2008, to a COMM 1000 class, Professor Smith said…(A. B. Smith, COMM 1000 lecture, January 15, 2008).

However, some professors may require a reference entry. If that is the case, you could use an entry similar to the one below. Use your own judgement, but remember: when in doubt, ask for your professor’s opinion. There are NO formal APA guidelines for this type of material.

Reference (if used): Smith, A. B. (2008, January 15). COMM 1000 Course Lecture.

*Citation examples from Durham College

  • Conference proceedings (Unpublished paper or speech)

Smith, S. (2009, August). Putting the grrrr! Back in progressive. Paper presented at the meeting of the Progressive Librarians Guild, Detroit, MI.

  • Conference proceedings (Unpublished poster)

Ruby, J., & Fulton, C. (1993, June). Beyond reading: Editing software that works. Poster session at the annual meeting of the Society for Scholarly Publishing, Washington, DC.

  • Brochure/pamphlet

National Cancer Institute. (2000, June). Cancer research-because lives depend on it [Brochure]. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute.

  • Court case

Brown v. Board of Educ., 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

  • Legal statute

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, 42 U.S.C. § 4331 (1970).

  • Code of Federal Regulations

FDA Prescription Drug Advertising Rule, 21 C.F.R. § 202.1 (2006).

  • Government report

U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2002). Statistical abstract of the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

  • Online government report

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2003). Managing asthma: A guide for schools (NIH Publication No. 02-2650). Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/lung/asthma/asth_sch.pdf

  • House or Senate Committee Report

Iraq: Meeting the challenge, sharing the burden, staying the course, a trip report to members of the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate, 108th Cong., 1st sess. (S. Prt. 108-31). (2003).

More APA Style Guides

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) is available at any Wayne State library reference desk. Call number is BF 76.7 .P83 2010
You can now purchase an individual ebook of the APA Publication Manual, 6th Edition, compatible with Kindle File, ipad, Android, PC and Mac.