Select libraries are now open to Wayne State students, faculty and staff. See what services we're offering online and in person

How to Cite References Using Chicago Style/Turabian

Chicago Style 17th Edition Examples - Books

Listed below are examples of proper formatting of bibliographic references (B) and a corresponding footnote/endnote (N) for each source type.

  • General Format for Books

B:   Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of publication.

N:   1. First Name Last Name, Title of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number.

  • One Author

B:   Kerouac, Jack. The Dharma Bums. New York: Viking Press, 1958.

N:   1. Jack Kerouac, The Dharma Bums (New York: Viking Press, 1958), 128.

  • Two Authors

B:   Lash, Scott, and John Urry. Economies of Size and Space. London: Sage Publications, 1994

N:   2. Scott Lash and John Urry, Economies of Size and Space (London: Sage Publications, 1994), 241-51.

  • More than Two Authors

B:   Evans, Julie, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain. Equal Subjects, Unequal Rights: Indigenous Peoples in British Settler Societies. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003.

N:   3. Julie Evans et al.Equal Subjects, Unequal Rights: Indigenous Peoples in British Settler Societies (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003), 29.

  • No author, anonymous

Sources that have no known author or editor should be cited by title. Follow the basic format for bibliographic and footnote/endnote entries that are exemplified above, omitting author and/or editor names and beginning respective entries with the title of the source.

  • Translated work with one author

B:   Cortázar, Julio. Hopscotch. Translated by Gregory Rabassa. New York: Pantheon Books, 1966.

N:   4. Julio Cortázar, Hopscotch, trans. Gregory Rabassa (New York: Pantheon Books, 1966), 165.

  • Book with Author and Editor

B:   Tylor, Edward B. Researches into the Early Development of Mankind and the Development of Civilization. Edited by Paul Bohannan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.

N:   5. Edward B. Tylor, Researches into the Early Development of Mankind and the Development of Civilization, ed. Paul Bohannan (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964), 194.

  • Contributions from an edited collection with various authored chapters​

B:   Harris, Muriel. “Talk to Me: Engaging Reluctant Writers.” In A Tutor's Guide: Helping Writers One to One, edited by Ben Rafoth, 24-34. New Hampshire: Heinemann, 2000.

N:   6. Muriel Harris, “Talk to Me: Engaging Reluctant Writers,” in A Tutor's Guide: Helping Writers One to One, ed. Ben Rafoth (New Hampshire: Heinemann, 2000), 24-34.

  • Self-Published or Privately Published Book

B:   Long, Kathleen. Chasing Rainbows: A Novel. Self-published, CreateSpace, 2011.

N:   7. Kathleen Long, Chasing Rainbows: A Novel (self-pub., CreateSpace, 2011).

  • Edition of a book

B:   Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. White. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

N:   8. William Strunk Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style, 4th ed. (New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000), 21.

  • Introduction, Preface, or Afterword

B:   Pinker, Steven. Introduction to What is Your Dangerous Idea?, xxiii-xxxiii. Edited by John Brockman. New York: Harper Perennial, 2007.

N:   9. Steven Pinker, introduction to What is Your Dangerous Idea?, ed. John Brockman (New York: Harper Perennial, 2007), xxv.

  • E-book

B:   Davidson, Donald. Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford: Clarendon, 2001.

N:   10. Donald Davidson, Essays on Actions and Events (Oxford: Clarendon, 2001),

  • E-book from a database

B:   Borel, Brooke. Infested: How the Bed But Infiltrated Our Bedrooms and Took Over the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015. EBSCOhost. 

N:   11. Brooke Borel, Infested: How the Bed Bug Infiltrated Our Bedrooms and Took Over the World (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015), 59, EBSCOhost.

  • Chapter in an e-book (include the URL which is based on the DOI for the specific chapter instead of the work as a whole)

B:   Bonds, Mark Evan. Absolute Music: The History of an Idea. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

N:   12. Mark Evan Bonds, Absolute Music: The History of an Idea (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), chap. 3, 

  • Chicago Style Manual 17th Edition

B:   University of Chicago Press. The Chicago Manual of Style. 17th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.

N:   13. University of Chicago Press, The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017), 791-94.

  • A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 9th Ed. by Kate L. Turabian

B:   Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. 9th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018.

N:   14. Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 9th ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018), 319-20.

More on E-Books:

If the book is read using a device (such as a Kindle, NOOK, Google Play books, etc), write your bibliographic reference/footnote/endnote just like a normal book but add the name of the device at the end. 

For books consulted online (such as through the Wayne State library or a free electronic version) always include the URL/DOI at the end. 

E-Books in footnotes/endnotes:

If a location number needs to be cited or referred to for any reason, include both the specific location and the total number of locations. For example:

3. Mary Ann Noe, Ivory Trenches: Adventures of an English Teacher (self-pub., Amazon Digital Services, 2016), loc. 444 of 3023, Kindle.

In a note, information about the e-book follows any page or other locator information.



More Chicago Style Guides

You can now purchase an individual copy of The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th Edition or A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations at