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How to Cite References Using Chicago Style/Turabian

Chicago Style 17th Edition Examples - Video Recordings

Listed below are examples of proper formatting of bibliographic references (B) and a corresponding footnote/endnote (N) for each source type.


  • YouTube *please keep in mind that content on YouTube may not be aligned with copyright rules. Please check with your instructor to see if it is appropriate to reference a video on YouTube*

B:   shapirolibrary. “Interview with Professor David Gou – 3D Printer Gripper.” YouTube Video, 1:10. December 19, 2017.

N:   1. shapirolibrary, "Interview with Professor David Gou – 3D Printer Gripper,” YouTube video, 1:10, December 19, 2017,

  • DVD

B:   Cuarón, Alfonso, dir. Gravity. 2013; Burbank, CA: Warner Bros. Pictures, 2014. DVD.

N:   2.  Gravity, directed by Alfonso Cuarón (2013, Burbank, CA: Warner Bros. Pictures, 2014), DVD. 

  • Video Cassette tape

B:  Handel, George Frideric. Messiah. Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chamber Chorus, Robert Shaw. Performed December 19, 1987. Ansonia Station, NY Video Artists International, 1988. Videocassette (VHS), 141 min. 

N:   3. Messiah, George Frideric Handel, performed by Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chamber Chorus, Robert Shaw, on December 19, 1987 (Ansonia Station, NY: Video Artists International, 1988), Videocassette (VHS), 141 min. 

  • Streaming Service (Netflix, Hulu, etc.)

B:   Mayberry, Russ, dir. The Brady Bunch. Season 3, episode 10, "Her Sister's Shadow." Aired November 19, 1971, on ABC.

N:   2.  The Brady Bunch, season 3, episode 10, "Her Sister's Shadow," directed by Russ Mayberry, aired November 19, 1971, on ABC,

More on citing Video Recordings: