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How to Cite References Using Chicago Style/Turabian

Chicago Style 17th Edition Examples - Images, Photos, and Artworks

Information about images and works of visual art can be presented in the text rather than in a note or bibliography. If a note or bibliographic entry is needed, list the artist, title (in italics), and a date of creation or completion, followed by information about the medium and the location of the work. For works consulted online, add a URL. (CMOS 14.235)


  • Visual Art (viewed in-person)

B:   Dalí, Salvador. The Persistence of Memory. 1931. Oil on canvas, 9 1/2 x 13" (24.1 x 33 cm). Museum of Modern Art, New York. 

N:   1. Salvador Dalí, The Persistence of Memory, 1931, oil on canvas, 9 1/2 x 13" (24.1 x 33 cm), Museum of Modern Art, New York. 

  • Visual Art (viewed online)

B:   Lange, Dorothea. Black Maria, Oakland. 1957, printed 1965. Gelatin silver print, 39.3 x 37 cm. Art Institute, Chicago. 

N:   2. Dorothea Lange, Black Maria, Oakland, 1957, printed 1965, gelatin silver print, 39.3 x 37 cm, Art Institute, Chicago,

  • Visual Art (reproduced in a book or magazine, etc.)

B:  Only cite the work the image appeared in:

Scott, Sascha T. A Strange Mixture: the Art and Politics of Painting Pueblo Indians. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2015. 

N:   Include the figure or illustration information:

3. O'Keefe, Georgia, Grey Blue & Black -- Pink Circle, 1929, oil on canvas, in A Strange Mixture: the Art and Politics of Painting Pueblo Indians by Sascha T. Scott (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2015), 182, fig. 6.2.

  • Photograph

B:   McCurry, Steve. Afghan Girl. December 1984. Photograph. National Geographic, cover, June 1985.

N:   4. Steve McCurry, Afghan Girl, December 1984, photograph, National Geographic, cover, June 1985.